18th Century A.D.
as foreseen by Nostradamus
CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF THE QUATRAINS
according to the conclusions of the authors of the JCL Editions books used
(i.e. Jean Guernon & Michel Dufresne - JCL Copyright)


<-----Back to the 17th Century--                                                             .
.                                                  ---------To 19th Century------>


XVIIIth century


The war of Succession of Spain (1701-1714)

1,31 : The war of Succession of Spain (1701-1714)

Original editions with good translation for this 1,31 quatrain


1,37 : Louis XIV and the war of Succession of Spain (1701-1714).

Original editions with good translation for this 1,37 quatrain


1,38 : Louis XIV and the war of Succession of Spain (1701-1714)

Original editions with good translation for this 1,38 quatrain


4,22 : Louis XIV and the war of Succession of Spain (1702-1713). The defeat of France and the pitiable state in which it found itself again at its conclusion.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,22 quatrain


5,49 : Philippe of Anjou, grandson of Louis XIV, reach the crown of Spain in the year 1700. The war that caused his/her/its hold in charge of the kingdom (1701-1714).

Original editions with good translation for this 5,49 quatrain



Sardinia conquered, Lille destroyed and the valley of the Loire flooded (1707-1708)

2,81 : Sardinia conquered by England in 1708. The siege of the city of Lille in this same year. The flooding of the valley of the Loire in 1707.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,81 quatrain



A rigorous winter and a great famine hit France (1709)

1,22 : A rigorous winter and the financial disappointments of Louis XIV (1709)

Original editions with good translation for this 1,22 quatrain


1,67 : A great famine in France (1709) or future event

Original editions with good translation for this 1,67 quatrain



Louis XIV and the affair of Poisons (1709)

1,41 : Louis XIV and the affair of Poisons (1709)

Original editions with good translation for this 1,41 quatrain


1,66 : Louis XIV and the affair of Poisons (1709)

Original editions with good translation for this 1,66 quatrain



The premature end of Louis of France (1712)

4,17 : The premature end of the duke of Burgundy, Louis of France (1682-1712), and his tentative of reform of the kingdom by the means of the feather (gift of writing) of his famous private tutor , Fénelon.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,17 quatrain


8,89 : The mysterious end of the three successive Dauphin s to the crown of France in 1711 and 1712. Philippe of Orleans considered, by the population, as the potential responsible of these disappearances. The intervention of the duke to break the will of Louis XlV, in 1715. Life and the death of the famous Regent under Louis XV.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,89 quatrain



Sicily changes hands (1713-1718)

2,71 : Sicily is handed over by France to those of the duke of Savoy (1713) and lastly to those of Austria (1718).

Original editions with good translation for this 2,71 quatrain



The regency of the duke of Orleans and the deaths, repetitively, of the pretenders to the throne (1715)

3,15 : The duke of Orleans, regent of France after the death of Louis XIV (1715). Repetitive deaths known before in the posterity of the King-sun and the suspicions having weighed on the regent.

Original editions with good translation for this 3,15 quatrain


8,32 : The scheming led by the nephew of Louis XIV, Philippe of Orleans, to impose himself on the throne of France. Repeating deaths within the royal family (1712) takes the appearance of political murder. The extinction of the reigning dynasty of Bourbons, in 1836.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,32 quatrain



George 1st of England and the beginnings of his reign (1714-1717)

2,87 : George 1st of England. His reign of 1714 to 1727. Frederic-Guillaume abolishing serfdom on the territories of the crown of Prussia (1719).

Original editions with good translation for this 2,87 quatrain



The union of the kingdoms of Sicily and Naples (1734)

3,25 : The union of kingdoms of Sicily and Naples (1734). The Bourbons make common front to prevent England from spreading its hegemony in all the seas of the globe.

Original editions with good translation for this 3,25 quatrain



The Italian Tuscany pass into the hands of the Lorrains (1737)

5,3 : The Italian Tuscany pass into the hands of the French family of the Lorraine (1737). François of Lorraine and the foundation of the dynasty of the Habsbourg-Lorraine.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,3 quatrain


5,39 : François of Lorraine, offspring of one of the greatest families of France, takes charge of the duchy of Tuscany in 1737. The association of the Lorraine with the Habsbourgs.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,39 quatrain



Catherine II of Russia and her vast ambitions (1760)

3,28 : Catherine II of Russia, her long reign and the atrocities committed in her name.

Original editions with good translation for this 3,28 quatrain


5,38 : The murder of the czar Pierre III by Catherine's friends. The eviction of their
son Paul from the throne and the taking in charge of Russia by the Tsarina after his death, her son Paul comes to power and enact, for the future, the application of Salic law.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,38 quatrain


8,15 : The advent of Catherine II of Russia (1762) and the great reform undertaken to reinforce the country at the expense of the empire of Austria and that of the Turks. The annexation of Crimea and the empress having her eye on the oriental Mediterranean (1783).

Original editions with good translation for this 8,15 quatrain


10,69 : The reign of Catherine chosen by the queen's sister to serve as spouse to the future emperor. Catherine would take part, with her favorite Orlov, in the conspiracy and was proclaimed Empress under the name of Catherine II, July 8, 1762. Pierre III forced to abdicate dared neither to resist nor to run away. He was driven to Ropcha where he was put to death a short time thereafter.

Original editions with good translation for this 10,69 quatrain



The dynasty of Bourbons, of Henri IV to Louis XV (1594 - 1774)

6,2 : The murder of Henri III (1589). The advent of the Bourbon dynasty. The numerous reign changes that occurred in the course of the 17th century. Louis XV, fifth Dauphin in title, follows Louis XIV.

Original editions with good translation for this 6,2 quatrain



Birth of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769)

1,60 : Napoleon Bonaparte birth (1769).

Original editions with good translation for this 1,60 quatrain



Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the real soul of the French Revolution (1789)

1,7 : Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the French Revolution (1789) or allusion to an unidentified redhead character.

Original editions with good translation for this 1,7 quatrain


2,36 : The possible allusion of Jean-Jacques Rousseau or a great visionary to come that, by his perception of things, would provoke deep distresses.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,36 quatrain



The States General convocation by Louis XVI (1788)

9,7 : The State General convocation by Louis XVI, in 1788. Such a generalized opposition of Bretons and the Norman that it will lead to his downfall.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,7 quatrain



The last interventions of Louis XVI (1789-1792)

6,57 : Louis XVI threatened by the Revolution. Efforts agreed by Necker to re-establish the situation. The lightning rise of Robespierre and the crucial years prior to the abolition of the French monarchical regime (1774-1794).

Original editions with good translation for this 6,57 quatrain


10,43 : Louis XVI that demonstrates a slackness, then is mined and murdered because of his own carelessness and the ungrounded suspicion towards his wife with the matter of "the necklace".

Original editions with good translation for this 10,43 quatrain



The capture of the Bastille (1789)

2,57 : The capture of the Bastille (July 1789). The execution of Louis XVI (1793) and the guillotine, instrument of death by excellence.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,57 quatrain



The creation of assignates (1789)

1,53 : The creation of the Assignates under the French Revolution (1789).

Original editions with good translation for this 1,53 quatrain



Louis XVI, Danton and Robespierre (1790)

2,2 : Louis XVI, Danton and Robespierre. The execution of the marquis of Favras, February 18, 1790.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,2 quatrain


4,45 : Louis XVI "abdicates" following the clumsiness of Neeker (1790). The sad reserve of fate of the French nobility. The Great Terror and the role that played Maximilian of Robespierre in it.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,45 quatrain


8,100 : The little attention given to his function and the innocence demonstrated towards his peers provoke the fall of Louis XVI. Accession to power by the humblest and downfall of the nobility of the country. The cruel end of the monarch, in 1793.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,100 quatrain



The escape of the royal family (1791)

6,52 : The flight of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette to Varennes (1791). Subterfuges used to deceive guards. The intervention of Pius VI to prevent the civil Constitution of the clergy in the first days of the Revolution The rigorous winter known the same year.

Original editions with good translation for this 6,52 quatrain


8,87 : The slow conspiracy of revolutionaries to cut down the monarchy definitely. Louis XVI and the jaunt to Varennes. The remorse of the French people after the king's execution.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,87 quatrain


9,20 : The flight of Louis XVI that is stopped in Varennes, June 20, 1791.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,20 quatrain



The treason of Mirabeau (1792)

8,23 : The treason of Mirabeau put in evidence by the discovery of his secret correspondence with Marie-Antoinette (1792). Accusations reaches the minister of the lnterior, Jean-Marie Roland de la Platière, to have supposedly destroyed some compromising letters.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,23 quatrain



The assault given on Les Tuileries (1792)

2,77 : The attack of the Revolutionaries during "Les Tuileries" occupation (10 August 1792). The treason of the guards.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,77 quatrain


4,83 : The assault of the French people on Les Tuileries (10 August 1792). The downfall of Louis XVI and the violent contradictory emotions felt by the population. The treason of the duke of Orleans, Philippe Égalité.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,83 quatrain


7,23 : Louis XVI must answer personally for privileges granted by his predecessors. The king criticized from all parts for the adopted measures. The havoc on Les tuileries, August 10, 1792.

Original editions with good translation for this 7,23 quatrain


9,34 : The return of Louis XVI to Les Tuileries and the attack by the populace, June 20, 1792, whereas he is forced to be wearing the Phrygian cap.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,34 quatrain



The desertion of La Fayette

10,4 : The desertion of the famous Marquis of La Fayette, at midnight, in the Camp of Sedan in August 1792, his capture, his return in France 7 years later, and his personal legend in the history of France.

Original editions with good translation for this 10,4 quatrain



The Danton-Robespierre tandem (1792-1794)

4,6 : The struggle for the power between the French revolutionary factions (1792-1794). The unforeseen confrontation between Danton and Robespierre. The fall and the death of the former.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,6 quatrain


8,41 : The impression of religious forgery left by Robespierre. Ferocity demonstrated by the " virtuous " patriot just as he climbs the echelons to power. Period aimed: 1792-1794.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,41 quatrain



The execution of Louis XVI (1793)

1,57 : Louis XVI guillotined (1793).

Original editions with good translation for this 1,57 quatrain


4,14 : The tragic end of Louis XVI of France. The lightning military career of Napoleon Bonaparte and his sudden arrival in the French Revolution.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,14 quatrain


4,92 : The execution of Louis XVI of France by the guillotine, January 21, 1793. The French nobility goes into exile in a panic confronted with the size of the sacrilegious gesture.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,92 quatrain


5,37 : The trial of Louis XVI and his condemnation to death by 38 deputies of the assembly. The real motive of Robespierre. The end of this last character twenty months later.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,37 quatrain


6,37 : The predominant role of Robespierre in the condemnation of the king Louis XVI. The republican France adopts Les Tuileries as a symbol of the people's affirmation.

Original editions with good translation for this 6,37 quatrain



Laps (of conduct) of the Revolution (1790-1793)

7,14 : The division of France in departments (6 February 1790). Havoc of the royal tombs, three years later. The people of France lives to the rhythm of the demagogic writings of its leaders.

Original editions with good translation for this 7,14 quatrain



The Revolution and the church (1793)

1,44 : The French Revolution and the church (1793) or event to come (persecutions of nuns)

Original editions with good translation for this 1,44 quatrain


2,8 : The tepidness towards the cult of saints under the French Revolution (1793) and the traditional prayers transformed in patriotic hymns.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,8 quatrain



Philippe Égalité and his destiny (1793)

2,98 : Philippe Égalité regicide. His link with Mrs. de Genlis. His execution, November 6, 1793.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,98 quatrain


3,66 : The arrest and the police custody of the regicide Philippe-Egalité. His confidence towards Robespierre. The execution of the noble cousin of Louis XVI at the guillotine, November 6, 1793.

Original editions with good translation for this 3,66 quatrain


4,64 : Philippe Égalité, the noble become bourgeois by defiance towards Louis XVI. His internment and his execution in spite of his allegiance to the Revolution. The seizure of his possessions by the new regime.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,64 quatrain



Marie-Antoinette and her end (1793)

1,58 : Marie-Antoinette and the end of the royal dynasty (1793-1830)

Original editions with good translation for this 1,58 quatrain


1,86 : Marie-Antoinette brought to her place of execution (1793).

Original editions with good translation for this 1,86 quatrain


6,72 : The accusations of incest against Marie-Antoinette. The deep humiliation felt along with this
completely fabricated story . The end of the ex-queen of France on the guillotine, October 16, 1793.

Original editions with good translation for this 6,72 quatrain



The fate of the Dauphin Louis XVII

9,23 : Louis XVII, Dauphin in 1789, shut in at the Temple following his father's execution, where he will succumb due to bad treatments.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,23 quatrain


9,24 : The false rumor of the escape of Louis XVII rumored in all of Paris, and the hypothetical role of nuns of the St-Denis cloister denying it, thus letting no chance for the numerous pretenders who lust for the throne and who, in 1795, pretended to have received from the king the title of Dauphin.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,24 quatrain


9,58 : The murder by Fouché, according to instructions given by Robespierre, St-Just and Couthon, of M., Petitval and of six other person in Vitry, April 21, 1796, because they would allegedly have facilitated the flight of the Dauphin Louis XVII. Physicians called to the bed head of the child of the temple, Desault, Ghoppart and Doublet who die in the very same week that followed and the occurrence of other "appropriate" murders of potential witnesses.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,58 quatrain



The French nobility to the guillotine (1793-1795)

2,20 : The French nobility jailed during the Revolution and the death face of guillotined ones.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,20 quatrain


2,58 : The French Revolution and the cleaver of the guillotine dripping of blood on the soil of France.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,58 quatrain


5,5 : Robespierre and his ascension under the regime of Terror. Saint-Just, the  damned soul of the dictator. The "Feast of the supreme being", celebrated June 8, 1794, in Paris.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,5 quatrain



The massacre of Nantes (1793)

5,33 : The reprehensible actions of Jean-Baptiste Carrier, in Nantes, in 1793. The massacre of the main inhabitants of the city then opposed to the Revolution.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,33 quatrain



The Great Terror and its aftermath (1793-1794)

2,45 : The remorse of the French people after the execution of Louis XVI. Napoleon Bonaparte in conflict with Austria, in North Italy.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,45 quatrain


8,80 : The slaughters accomplished under the regime of Maximilian of Robespierre. The numerous innocent victims and the terror inspired during his mandate to the head of the French nation (1793-1794).

Original editions with good translation for this 8,80 quatrain


9,98 : The federalist war of 1793-94 and, among others, of the siege of Lyons in 1793. The capitulation of Lyons October 9, the stern repression under orders of Couthon, Fouché, and Colot d'Herbois that will make 15 000 deaths again. The recapture of Toulon, December 15. And in short, in January 1794, the conventional Fréron finishes the purification the Marseillais, operation named "No Name", with some 400 executions.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,98 quatrain



André Chénier executed (1794)

2,34 : The political rivalry of the brothers André and Marie-Joseph Chénier during the French Revolution. André's execution at the guillotine, July 25, 1794.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,34 quatrain



The massacre of the Vendée people (1794)

4,63 : The revolt of the people of Vendée and their massacre by the revolutionary army (January 1794). The role of the general Turreau in this dark page of history.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,63 quatrain

9,19 : Kléber defeats the people of Vendée August first, 1793, in the vicinity of Ferns and Mayennes.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,19 quatrain



The French Revolution, a general view (1789-1794)

1,14 : The French Revolution (1789-1794).

Original editions with good translation for this 1,14  quatrain


6,9 : The French Revolution destroys all symbols that recall the old Regime. Robespierre, the strong man of the situation. His end, long wished, at the guillotine (1794).

Original editions with good translation for this 6,9 quatrain


6,25 : The French Revolution. Avatars of the pope Pius VI with the young Republic. The lightning ascension of Robespierre. The coup d'etat of the 18 Brumaire propels Napoléon to power (1799).

Original editions with good translation for this 6,25 quatrain


9,51 : The beginnings of the French Revolution, its condemnation by the Vatican and most countries of the world since 1791. The regime of terror of Robespierre that will eliminate all objectors in France as well as all those that will have supported in the beginning.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,51 quatrain



The battle of Fleurus (1794)

5,57 : The first military utilization of the Montgolfière to the battle of Fleurus (1794). The signing of the treaty of Tolentino. The Vatican loses several of his possessions. The tragic end of Pius VI in Valencia.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,57 quatrain



The first campaign of Italy (1796-1797)

1,12 : Napoléon Bonaparte (1797) or event to come (submitted Verona).

Original editions with good translation for this 1,12 quatrain


1,24 : Napoléon Bonaparte and the first campaign of Italy. (1797)

Original editions with good translation for this 1,24 quatrain


2,63 : The capture of the Bastille (1789). The execution of Louis XVI (1793). Napoleon's  campaign in Italy and the briefness of the Italian Republic after the defeat of the emperor.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,63 quatrain


4,90 : The capture of Milan and Pavie by the Napoleonic armies (1796). The strategic mistake of Colli, Piedmontese general, that lost the battle of Turin instead of retreating temporarily to wait for the Austrians. Pavie delvered to the soldiers of Bonaparte and the famine that resulted for the inhabitants of the city.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,90 quatrain


5,26 : Napoléon Bonaparte named general in chief of the army of Italy (1796). The complete destitution of troops that were confided to him. The success of the campaign. The French armies recover their dignity by the unexpected conquests of the small Corsican.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,26 quatrain


5,50 : Napoléon Bonaparte named general in chief of the army of Italy. Conquests of the future emperor in the north of Italy in 1797 and in Egypt the following year. His attempt to crush the Ottomans at the very doors of Syria.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,50 quatrain


6,73 : Napoléon Bonaparte and his lightning conquest of Northern Italy. The clergy and the middle class of the pope's States react against the too easy submissiveness of duchies of Parma and Modena. Creation of Republic Cisalpine in spite of the contrary promises of the young general (1797).

Original editions with good translation for this 6,73 quatrain


6,79 : The first campaign of Italy and the tactics used by Napoleon to merge on the enemy from the heights. The advance of his troops in the valley of the Po compared with an immense wave (1796).

Original editions with good translation for this 6,79 quatrain


7,27 : The first campaign of Italy and the depredation of art masterpieces ordered by the Directoire. The pope Pius VI attacked in his States, feared that France was coming to destitute him. Ferrare in the center of the invader's desires.

Original editions with good translation for this 7,27 quatrain


8,3 : The conquest of Turin and Milan by Bonaparte, in May 1796. The affair of the courier of Lyons shakes at the same moment the population of the South of France.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,3 quatrain


8,33 : The submissiveness of Verona and Vicenza, in 1797, mark the beginning of Bonaparte's lightning political career. The treaty of Campoformio confirms the submissiveness of the Directoire to the wills of the young general. The transfer of the rule of Venice to Austria takes the appearance of vengeance. After the coup d'etat of the 18 Brumaires (1799), Napoleon is granted the not very flattering nickname of the short shaven head (petit tondu).

Original editions with good translation for this 8,33 quatrain


8,53 : The armistice concluded in Bologna between the general Bonaparte and the pope, June 23, 1796. The incomparable might held by the emperor at the end of his reign.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,53 quatrain



Napoleon's brother-in-law, Joachim Murât

9,39 : Joachim Murât, his Gascony origins, his childhood in Quercy, his involvement in the first wars of Italy close to Napoleon before becoming king of Naples.

Original editions with good translation for this 9,39 quatrain



Mishap of Charles-Emmanuel IV (1798-1802)

8,88 : Charles-Emmanuel IV of Savoy dispossessed of the Piedmont by the French, in 1798. His exile and his reign of three years on the only territory given up by the enemy: Sardinia. The symbolic support received by him on behalf of the Bourbons of Italy. His resignation in 1802 and his entrance with the Jesuits.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,88 quatrain



Napoleon's political beginnings (1799)

5,2 : Napoleon Bonaparte named general in chief of the army of Italy. Plot of the Royalists against the triumvirate directed by Barras (1797}. The political ascension of Sieyès and the assassination attempt against him in 1799.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,2 quatrain



The second campaign of Italy (1800)

4,4 : The Second Campaign of Italy and the defeat of the Second Coalition put up against Napoleon Bonaparte. Italy left to its fate. The political scheming then led in France. The appropriate presence of Talleyrand.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,4 quatrain


4,37 : Napoleon passes the Col of the Grand-Saint-Bemard and crushes the Austrian armies (1800) in Italy of the North. The role of Milan in the defeat of the Second Coalition.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,37 quatrain


7,39 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the victory of Marengo (1800). The passage of the Aoste valley by his troops, after the Grand-Saint-Bemard's daring enterprise.

Original editions with good translation for this 7,39 quatrain



The French defeats in Mediterranean (1798 and 1805)

3,87 : The reconquest of Corsica by Napoleon (1796). The French in the Mediterranean and in Egypt. The French fleet sudden two major defeats: Aboukir (1798) and Trafalgar (1805).

Original editions with good translation for this 3,87 quatrain



The arrest of Pius VI (1798)

2.93 : Pius VI and his arrest (20 February 1798). The death of the general Duphot.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,93 quatrain



Napoleon and the city of Milan (1796-1805)

3,37 : Napoleon Bonaparte and the Italian city of Milan. The numerous political regime changes lived by this city between years 1796 and 1805.

Original editions with good translation for this 3,37 quatrain



Napoleon, the Alexander of the modern times (1796-1813)

4,36 : Napoleon, the Alexander of the modern times. His actions of fame in Italy (1796-1809) and in Spain (1808-1813).

Original editions with good translation for this 4,36 quatrain


5,81 : Napoleon Bonaparte and his campaign of Egypt (1798). The future emperor achieves his dream to conquer the country and equal Alexander the Great and Caesar.

Original editions with good translation for this 5,81 quatrain


8,60 : Napoleon Bonaparte imposes himself in Italy of the North, then Paris, after his coup d'etat of the 18 Brumaire. The pomp of the imperial court after 1804. The fall of the empire dedicated by the Battle of Nations (16-19 October 1813) in Leipzig in Germany.

Original editions with good translation for this 8,60 quatrain



The island of Malta conquered (1798)

2,49 : The island of Malta conquered by Napoleon in 1798 and the invasion of Egypt.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,49 quatrain



The creation of the Republic of Switzerland and the battle of Aboukir (1798)

4,9 : The creation of the Republic of Switzerland. The city of Geneva excluded of the accord concluded (1798). The naval confrontation of Aboukir (1st August) and the daring tactics of the English admiral Nelson. The defeat and the death of the commander of the French fleet.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,9 quatrain


5,30 : The death of the French
general Duphot and the subsequent occupation of Rome by the Napoleonic troops (February 1798). The fleet of the general held in roadstead in the stream of Aboukir (1st August 1798).

Original editions with good translation for this 5,30 quatrain


5,95 : Napoleon Bonaparte blocked in the Aegean sea by the British marine in spite of his recent conquests in Egypt and in Syria (1798).

Original editions with good translation for this 5,95 quatrain



The death of Pius VI, the campaign of Egypt and the coup of the 18 Brumaire (1799)

2,56 : The death of Pius VI, the triumphal return you Napoleon from his campaign of Egypt and the coup of the 18 Brumaire.

Original editions with good translation for this 2,56 quatrain


4,26 : The coup of the 18 Brumaire (1799) and the role played by Sieyès, Fouché, Ducos, Talleyrand and Lucien Bonaparte to impose Napoleon in France.

Original editions with good translation for this 4,26 quatrain



End of the 18th Century


--------GOTO the 19th Century--->


 

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